Can the subaltern speak summary?
Can the subaltern speak summary?
In the text “can the subaltern speak” she tries to overthrow the binary opposition between subject and object, self and other, Occident and Orient, center and marginal and the majority and minority. She introduces the question of gender and sexual difference in the work.
What does from below mean?
from a lower place
What is meant by subaltern historiography?
Subaltern is a word used by the British army to denote a subordinate officer, and “subaltern studies” was coined by Indian scholars to describe a variety of approaches to the situation of South Asia, in particular in the colonial and postcolonial era.
What is Spivak’s subaltern theory?
Fundamental to Spivak’s theory is the concept of Subaltern. The ‘Subaltern’ is a military term which means ‘of lower rank’. She borrowed this term from Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci. She wants to give voice to the subalterns who can not speak or who are silent. She focuses on speculations made on widow sacrifice.
What are the advantages of bottom up approach?
What Are the Benefits of a Bottom-Up Management Approach?
- Increased Collaboration.
- Improved Employee Motivation.
- Better Alignment.
- Faster Innovation.
- Increased Trust Between Higher and Lower Level Employees.
- Leverage Cross-Company Knowledge.
Why can’t the subaltern speak?
Because her attempt at “speaking” outside normal patriarchal channels was not understood or supported, Spivak concluded that “the subaltern cannot speak.” Her extremely nuanced argument, admittedly confounded by her sometimes opaque style, led some incautious readers to accuse her of phallocentric complicity, of not …
What does bottom-up mean in business?
Bottom-up management occurs when goals, projects, and tasks are informed largely by employee feedback. Employees are invited to participate in goal setting – sometimes simply with feedback, sometimes with a stake in the decision. These goals, projects, and tasks are then communicated by each team to senior leadership.
What do you understand by the term subaltern discuss the two phases the subaltern studies in India?
The first volumes of Subaltern Studies focused on peasant and mass uprisings and rebellions and tried to prove the existence of an autonomous domain subaltern subjectivity. Within the second phase the last two volumes concentrated on the issues of minority categories whether in terms of gender, caste or community.
Can the subaltern speak essay?
Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak’s original essay “Can the Subaltern Speak?” transformed the analysis of colonialism through an eloquent and uncompromising argument that affirmed the contemporary relevance of Marxism while using deconstructionist methods to explore the international division of labor and capitalism’s ” …
What is the meaning of subaltern?
A subaltern is someone with a low ranking in a social, political, or other hierarchy. It can also mean someone who has been marginalized or oppressed.
What has been considered as a very important source of writing subaltern history?
Answer. Answer: inscription. or literary.
What is the meaning of bottom-up approach?
A bottom-up approach is the piecing together of systems to give rise to more complex systems, thus making the original systems sub-systems of the emergent system. Bottom-up processing is a type of information processing based on incoming data from the environment to form a perception.
Why is subaltern studies important in understanding Indian society?
Subaltern studies analyzes the “binary relationship” of the subaltern and ruling classes, and thus studies the interplay of dominance and subordination in colonial systems, most notably India, though the methods of the movement have since been applied to other nations, spaces, and historical moments.
Can the Subaltern Speak important quotes?
Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak > Quotes
- “When we seem to have won or lost in terms of certainties, we must, as literature teachers in the classroom, remember such warnings — let literature teach us that there are no certainties, that the process is open, and that it may be altogether salutary that it is so.”
- “Love is just a four letter word!
What is an advantage of bottom up change?
Bottom-up management allows all levels of an organization to become a part of the process and helps make everyone feel a large part of the goal. This can help build morale and improve productivity. Employees are more open to work and strive harder to reach goals and objectives in the ways that work best for them.
What do you mean by the study of subaltern history?
‘Subaltern studies’ refers to the study of social groups excluded from dominant power structures, be these (neo)colonial, socio-economic, patriarchal, linguistic, cultural and/or racial. The term subaltern has military origins, referring to a junior or subordinate officer.
What do you mean by history from below?
A people’s history, or history from below, is a type of historical narrative which attempts to account for historical events from the perspective of common people rather than leaders. There is an emphasis on disenfranchised, the oppressed, the poor, the nonconformists, and otherwise marginal groups.
Why is history from below important?
‘History from below’ is fundamentally beneficial because it provides the alternative to the standard ‘WEIRD’ history which is dominant throughout the subject. It has contributed massively to the history of non-conformist groups throughout history, women and workers being particularly significant examples.
What does bottom up history mean?
Bottom-Up Approach: Scholarship that attempts to explain the experiences or perspectives of ordinary people, as opposed to elites or leaders. Thus cultural historians focus on the meanings that people in the past assigned to those experiences.