Do more people in Australia have skin that is easily damaged by light from the sun?

Do more people in Australia have skin that is easily damaged by light from the sun?

Basically, through migration, our two countries have been populated by many people with fair skin whose ancestors come from much less sunny climates. Lack of protective pigmentation leaves skin cells especially vulnerable to the DNA-damaging rays from the sun.

What type of skin is most at risk of sun damage?

Everyone’s skin and eyes can be affected by the sun and other forms of ultraviolet (UV) rays. People with light skin are much more likely to have their skin damaged by UV rays (and to get skin cancer), but darker-skinned people, including people of any ethnicity, can also be affected.

What is the most common type of skin carcinoma in Australia and New Zealand?

More than 13,000 people are diagnosed with melanoma in Australia each year. Australia and New Zealand have the highest rates of melanoma in the world.

Which country has the thinnest ozone layer?

Abnormal weather patterns in the upper atmosphere over Antarctica dramatically limited ozone depletion in September and October, resulting in the smallest ozone hole observed since 1982, NASA and NOAA scientists reported today.

Is the sun stronger than 30 years ago?

NASA – UV Exposure Has Increased Over the Last 30 Years, but Stabilized Since the Mid-1990s.

Why does NZ sun burn?

New Zealanders are especially susceptible to sunburn. This is due to two factors of our environment: The ozone layer over New Zealand is thinner. Unfortunately, due to decades of man-made gas emissions, the ozone layer over New Zealand has continuously thinned.

What is Type 4 skin?

Skin type IV is characterized by olive or light brown skin that tans easily and burns infrequently. Although people with this type are mildly resistant to sun damage, they are still at risk of incurring long-term sun damage and developing skin cancer due to sun exposure.

What is the ABCD rule?

One easy way to remember common characteristics of melanoma is to think alphabetically – the ABCDEs of melanoma. ABCDE stands for asymmetry, border, color, diameter and evolving. These are the characteristics of skin damage that doctors look for when diagnosing and classifying melanomas.