How do you return a reference variable in C++?

How do you return a reference variable in C++?

Example: Return by Reference In program above, the return type of function test() is int& . Hence, this function returns a reference of the variable num . The return statement is return num; . Unlike return by value, this statement doesn’t return value of num , instead it returns the variable itself (address).

Can you pass by reference a string in C++?

Passing Objects by Reference It is extremely common to pass C++ objects by reference even when a function does not need to change the original object in the calling routine.

How do you pass a string as a parameter in C++?

C++ strings are simply character arrays that are null-terminated. Thus, when you pass a string to a function, only a pointer to the beginning of the string is actually passed. This is a pointer of type char *.

Should I return by reference?

You should return a reference to an existing object that isn’t going away immediately, and where you don’t intend any transfer of ownership. Never return a reference to a local variable or some such, because it won’t be there to be referenced.

How does a function return a reference?

Functions can be declared to return a reference type. There are two reasons to make such a declaration: The information being returned is a large enough object that returning a reference is more efficient than returning a copy. The type of the function must be an l-value.

How do you pass a string by value?

To pass a string by value, the string pointer (the s field of the descriptor) is passed. When manipulating IDL strings: Called code should treat the information in the passed IDL_STRING descriptor and the string itself as read-only, and should not modify these values.

What are reference parameters C++?

When a reference parameter is used, the address (not the value) of an argument is automatically passed to the function. Within a function, operations on the reference parameters are automatically dereferenced. A reference parameter is declared by preceding the parameter name in the function’s declaration with an &.