How does Vibrio vulnificus cause disease?

How does Vibrio vulnificus cause disease?

Ingestion of Vibrio vulnificus can cause vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain. Vibrio vulnificus can also cause an infection of the skin when open wounds are exposed to warm seawater; these infections may lead to skin breakdown and ulcers.

How does Vibrio vulnificus disrupt homeostasis in the human body?

Vibrio vulnificus Secretes a Broad-Specificity Metalloprotease Capable of Interfering with Blood Homeostasis through Prothrombin Activation and Fibrinolysis.

How does vibriosis affect the body?

Vibrio bacteria can cause three types of infection: gastrointestinal, wound, and blood. Symptoms of gastrointestinal vibriosis include watery diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, and/or fever. Symptoms of wound infections are sores that become painful, red, and swollen.

What are the long term effects of Vibrio vulnificus?

Vibrio vulnificus infection is an acute illness that is quickly resolved with antibiotics and does not have any long-term consequences.

Where is Vibrio vulnificus most commonly found?

The bacterium is frequently isolated from oysters and other shellfish in warm coastal waters during the summer months. Since it is naturally found in warm marine waters, people with open wounds can be exposed to Vibrio vulnificus through direct contact with seawater.

What is the common name for Vibrio vulnificus?

Integrated Taxonomic Information System – Report

Kingdom: Bacteria
Taxonomic Rank: Species
Synonym(s): Beneckea vulnifica Reichelt et al., 1979
Common Name(s):
Taxonomic Status:

Where is Vibrio vulnificus from?

What are the symptoms of marine Vibrio?

Signs and symptoms of Vibrio vulnificus infection can include:

  • Watery diarrhea, often accompanied by stomach cramping, nausea, vomiting, and fever.
  • For bloodstream infection: fever, chills, dangerously low blood pressure, and blistering skin lesions.

What are two different infections caused by Vibrio vulnificus?

The first is an overwhelming primary septicemia caused by consuming raw or undercooked seafood, particularly raw oysters. The second is a necrotizing wound infection acquired when an open wound is exposed to warm seawater with high concentrations of V. vulnificus.

What are the symptoms of Vibrio vulnificus?

When ingested, Vibrio bacteria can cause watery diarrhea, often accompanied by abdominal cramping, nausea, vomiting, fever, and chills. Usually these symptoms occur within 24 hours of ingestion and last about 3 days. Severe illness is rare and typically occurs in people with a weakened immune system.

What type of pathogen is Vibrio vulnificus?

Gram-negative halophilic bacterium
Vibrio vulnificus is a Gram-negative halophilic bacterium commonly found in warm coastal waters. The bacterium can cause severe gastroenteritis from consumption of raw seafood as well as wound infections and necrotizing fasciitis, with mortality rates for sepsis and wound infection at 50% and 17%, respectively [1].

Is Vibrio vulnificus aerobic or anaerobic?

facultative anaerobe
As a facultative anaerobe, V. vulnificus has the capability to metabolize under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Such phenotypic plasticity allows V. vulnificus to rapidly adapt to changing environments and is an important factor in the colonization and growth in these various niches.

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