Is alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma rare?

Is alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma rare?

Rhabdomyosarcoma is rare. Only about 500 people are diagnosed each year in the United States. Most of them are children or adolescents.

Does rhabdomyosarcoma run in families?

Factors that may increase the risk of rhabdomyosarcoma include: Family history of cancer. The risk of rhabdomyosarcoma is higher in children with a blood relative, such as a parent or sibling, who has had cancer, particularly if that cancer occurred at a young age.

Is alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma hereditary?

In most cases, there is no known cause for rhabdomyosarcoma. However, there are a few known genetic risk factors for rhabdomyosarcoma. Rhabdomyosarcoma may develop in someone with an inherited disorder that puts them at greater risk.

What is Stage 4 alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma?

Stage 4. In stage 4, the tumor may be any size and cancer may have spread to nearby lymph nodes. Cancer has spread to distant parts of the body, such as the lung, bone marrow, or bone.

What causes alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma?

Gene changes in ARMS Certain genes in a cell can be turned on when bits of DNA are switched from one chromosome to another. This type of change, called a translocation, can happen when a cell is dividing into 2 new cells. This seems to be the cause of most cases of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS).

Can you survive alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma?

Metastatic alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) has a poor prognosis, currently < 20% survival at 3 years.

What does rhabdomyosarcoma feel like?

Rhabdomyosarcoma in the head may cause headaches, bulging of an eye, or a droopy eyelid. In the urinary system, RMS affects urination (peeing) and bowel movements, and can lead to blood in the pee or stool (poop). If a muscle tumor is pressing on a nerve, a child might feel tingling or weakness in that area.

Can alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma be cured?

Approximately 80% of patients with low-risk rhabdomyosarcoma can now be cured of their disease.