What are disadvantages of intraosseous route?

What are disadvantages of intraosseous route?

Known rare complications of IO access include extravasation, soft-tissue necrosis, bone fractures or injury to growth plates, infiltration of medications, infection, subcutaneous abscess, osteomyelitis, and embolic complications (fat emboli). Extravasation of fluid is the most common complication.

What is a contraindication for IO insertion?

Contraindications to use include long bone fracture, vascular injury of the extremity, cellulitis and a previous orthopedic procedure (including a previous intraosseous line within 24 hr) at the planned site of insertion. Complications include infection (e.g, cellulitis, abscess, osteomyelitis) and fracture.

When should you not use an IO?

When will intraosseous access be avoided?

  • Fractures in the long bones.
  • Previous surgery in the long bones.
  • Infection of the skin at the insertion site.
  • Infections within the targeted bone.
  • History of bone deformity, such as osteogenesis imperfecta.
  • Previous failed IO access within 24 hours in the targeted bone.

How do you know if an IO needle is inserted correctly?

Use a twisting motion with gentle but firm pressure. until there is a sudden release of resistance as the needle enters the marrow space. If the needle is placed correctly, it should stand easily without support.

Which is a complication of intraosseous IO infusion therapy?

The most commonly reported complications of IO access are infection at the injection site, which may result in severe osteomyelitis, damage to the growth plate, and fat embolism, 2 which have been reported in adults.

What Cannot be given io?

Contraindications to IO insertion include fracture at or proximal to the insertion site, cellulitis or other infection overlying the insertion site, prior attempt at the insertion site, or bone disease such as osteogenesis imperfecta or osteopetrosis.

Which condition is a potential complication of intraosseous IO infusion therapy?

How do I know if Io is correct?

There are already multiple methods for confirming IO placement, including return of bone marrow, visualization of blood in the stylet, firm placement of the needle in the bone, and the ability to smoothly deliver a fluid flush.

How do you know if an IO is in place?

What are the risks associated with intraosseous?

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