What are the causes and effects of slums?

What are the causes and effects of slums?

Slums form and grow in different parts of the world for many different reasons. Causes include rapid rural-to-urban migration, economic stagnation and depression, high unemployment, poverty, informal economy, forced or manipulated ghettoization, poor planning, politics, natural disasters, and social conflicts.

How do slums affect the environment?

Waste collection is poor, so pollution levels are high. This means that slums have a negative effect on natural ecosystems. Their presence can cause environmental degradation and deplete natural resources such as timber.

How do slums affect the quality of life of the people living there?

When four or more people live together in one tiny room, they experience a loss of privacy and are susceptible to infectious diseases, mental health problems and domestic and sexual violence. Limited access to adequate sanitation including safe drinking water makes slum dwellers susceptible to physical problems.

What problems can unhealthy conditions in slums create?

Chronic non-communicable and communicable diseases like hypertension, diabetes, intentional and unintentional injuries, tuberculosis, rheumatic heart disease, and HIV infection are recognized to exist in slums because of the late complications of these diseases that the formal health sector sees and deals with.

What are the disadvantages of slums?

Cons of Living in urban slum.

  • Poor health conditions.
  • Poor education availability as cost of education id very High.
  • Rise in number of crimes due to social inequalities.
  • Poor Instructural facilities like poor quality of water ,poor sanitation conditions.
  • Exploitation of rural people in cities .

What are the main causes of slums?

6 Factors responsible for the growth of slums in India

  • Growth rate of population (Urbanization)
  • Poor housing planning.
  • Slow development of Villages.
  • Vote politics.
  • High house Rents In Cities.
  • Refugees.

What are the problems of urban slums?

The characteristic features of the slum areas are substandard, dingy houses of high density and congestion, overcrowding, insanitary conditions, absence of basic amenities like water supply, drainage and sewerage and disposal of garbage.

How do slums cause pollution?

Sources of outdoor air pollution in urban slums are mainly dust, burning of trash, vehicle and industrial emissions. Due to poor ventilation in these settings, outdoor air pollutants infiltrate into households raising levels of indoor air pollution.

What are the benefits of living in a slum?

There earning improve.

  • Manufacturing sectors such as textile get the required low paying labour.
  • more floor space available in slums.
  • better access to market and transport facilities as slums are usually found in/ around populous centres.