What are the troponin levels?

What are the troponin levels?

For example, the normal range for troponin I is between 0 and 0.04 ng/mL but for high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) normal values are below 14ng/L. Other types of heart injury may cause a rise in troponin levels.

What is the ACS protocol?

The most frequently used regimen is IV metoprolol 2-5 mg given every 5 minutes (up to 15 mg total) followed by 25-100 mg given orally twice a day. Beta-blockers should not be used acutely in patients with cardiogenic shock or signs of heart failure on presentation.

What is the initial treatment for myocardial infarction?

The early treatment of acute myocardial infarction consists of ensuring the patient is in an environment in which defibrillation is possible and then reducing the size of the potential infarct by re-opening the occluded coronary artery.

What is a Type 2 myocardial infarction?

Type 2 MI is defined as “myocardial infarction secondary to ischaemia due to either increased oxygen demand or decreased supply, e.g. coronary artery spasm, coronary embolism, anaemia, arrhythmias, hypertension or hypotension.”

What are the 5 types of myocardial infarction?

– Type 2 MI – Type 1 MI (NSTEMI) – Demand ischemia only – Unstable angina only – Other, please specify: – None of the above / Not applicable

What drugs cause myocardial infarction?

The most frequently reported suspected drugs were the antimigraine drug sumatriptan (33 reports, 4 concerning myocardial infarction), the calcium antagonist nifedipin (9 reports, 2 of myocardial infarction) and nicotine [9 reports (8 patches, 1 chewing gum), 5 concerning myocardial infarction]. There were 18 reports of a fatal outcome.

What causes myocardial infarction?

Genome-wide association studies have led to the discovery of a large number of new myocardial infarction genes.

  • The strongest genetic effect on the risk of myocardial infarction is that of a variant found on chromosome 9p21.
  • Only a few of the myocardial infarction genes are associated with classic risk factors.
  • What are the risk factors of myocardial infarction?


  • Abnormal lipid profile/blood apolipoprotein (raised ApoB/ApoA1)
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Abdominal obesity (waist/hip ratio) (greater than 0.90 for males and greater than 0.85 for females)
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