What caused the fires in Indonesia?

What caused the fires in Indonesia?

Low rainfall, followed by El Nino and massive land clearing by burning, made forest and land fires in 1997, 2015, and 2019 inevitable.

Why are Indonesian forests being burned?

The burning usually peaks from July to October during Indonesia’s dry season. Many farmers take advantage of the conditions to clear vegetation for palm oil, pulp and paper plantations using the slash-and-burn method. They often spin out of control and spread into protected forested areas.

Can you see fire from space?

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration released a new satellite view of the most recent blazes burning in California. They have become so big they can be seen from space. Agency officials say they use the images to closely monitor the fires and the smoke they are emitting.

Is Indonesia burning again?

Indonesia’s annual fire season has started again, with hotspots detected in 10 provinces. Some of the fires have been detected in protected areas with large swaths of peatland.

Why are 80% of Indonesia’s rainforests being destroyed?

Of the total logging in Indonesia, up to 80% is reported to be performed illegally. Large areas of forest in Indonesia have been cleared by large multinational pulp companies, such as Asia Pulp and Paper, and replaced by plantations. Forests are often burned by farmers and plantation owners.

What does fire look like in 0 gravity?

Without gravity, hot air expands but doesn’t move upward. The flame persists because of the diffusion of oxygen, with random oxygen molecules drifting into the fire. Absent the upward flow of hot air, fires in microgravity are dome-shaped or spherical—and sluggish, thanks to meager oxygen flow.

Can you light a fire on Mars?

We know that fire can only burn naturally on our planet, and Mars doesn’t have a dense atmosphere or enough oxygen to allow flames to burn – but space station and spacecraft fires are a very real danger, and with crews living and working in close proximity, fire would be disastrous.

What eventually stopped the fires that burned out of control in 1997 in Southeast Asia?

During the first nine months of 1997, the government approved 750,000 acres (300,000 ha) of primary rainforest for conversion to palm-oil plantations. The fires set for forest clearing burn every year, but are usually extinguished by monsoon rains that once fell predictably every November.

What causes haze?

Haze is caused when sunlight encounters tiny pollution particles in the air. Some light is absorbed by particles. Other light is scattered away before it reaches an observer. More pollutants mean more absorption and scattering of light, which reduce the clarity and color of what we see.