What does BS and W stand for?

What does BS and W stand for?

Basic Sediments and Water
BS & W . – Basic Sediments and Water means sediment and water suspended in oil.

What is BSW measurement?

Abbreviation for basic sediment and water. BS&W is measured from a liquid sample of the production stream. It includes free water, sediment, and emulsion and is measured as a volume percentage of the production stream.

Is BS&W same as water cut?

The Benefits of On-Line Watercut The reliable determination of water content in oil and gas (also known as water cut, BSW, or BS&W measurement) has posed a consistent and lasting problem for the oil and gas industry.

What is BSW in oil field?

BS&W stands for Basic Sediment and Water. BS&W is a standard oil and gas industry term to describe the unusable elements in a well stream. These are typically elements like sand, paraffin, dirt, and water.

What is BSW test?

Basic Sediment and Water (BS&W) is a term originally used to specify such contaminants in crude oil and the method used to measure them. Today, BS&W is also used as a synonym for water cut, the water content in crude oil.

How is BS&W calculated?

BS&W can be determined using laboratory standards e.g ASTM Standard D96, D4007 or the API Document “Sediment and Water”, Chapter 10, Section 2, ‘Determination of Water and Sediment in Crude Oil by the Centrifuge Method”. Other methods available for water in crude oil are ASTM D4377, D4928, IP386.

What is sediment in crude oil?

When extracted from an oil reservoir, the crude oil will contain some amount of water and suspended solids from the reservoir formation. The particulate matter is known as sediment or mud.

What is desalting of crude oil?

Desalting is the first refining process applied to crude oil. The process removes salt, water and solid particles that would otherwise lead to operational problems during refining such as corrosion, fouling of equipment, or poisoning of catalysts.

What is an emulsion breaker?

Understanding Emulsion Breakers Emulsion breakers, also known as demulsifiers, are a group of specialty chemicals used to separate emulsions of water-in-oil and oil-in-water (reverse emulsions). These chemicals are used for effective oil recovery, and to improve the quality of reusable water.

What is Rag oil?

Abstract. During the settling stages in some oil sands froth treatments, a rag layer (an undesirable mixture of dispersed oil, water, and solids) can form at the water−oil interface.