What does Socrates argue in the apology?

What does Socrates argue in the apology?

The Apology was written by Plato, and relates Socrates’ defense at his trial on charges of corrupting the youth and impiety. Socrates argues that he is innocent of both charges. Socrates concludes the Apology by arguing that a just man should have no fear of death.

Who is the greatest philosopher ever?

  1. Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274)
  2. Aristotle (384–322 BCE)
  3. Confucius (551–479 BCE)
  4. René Descartes (1596–1650)
  5. Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803 82)
  6. Michel Foucault (1926-1984)
  7. David Hume (1711–77)
  8. Immanuel Kant (1724–1804)

How do you cite Plato?

To cite one of Plato’s dialogues, then, you will need to give the title, a section number, and a letter: Socrates describes those who trust writing as naïve (Phaedrus, 274c). The number here refers to the page number from the Stephanus edition.

Is Plato hard reading?

Plato is complicated and demands re-readings and re-interpretations. That’s what makes him great, so just keep at it. I’d start with the Republic, even though it’s probably his densest dialogue. You can also try something like “Philosophy for Beginners” by Richard Osborne.

How do you cite Plato’s Apology in MLA?

MLA (7th ed.) West, Thomas G, and Plato. Plato’s Apology of Socrates: An Interpretation, with a New Translation. Ithaca, N.Y: Cornell University Press, 1979. Print.

What is the thesis of Plato’s Apology?

It argues that Socrates does not so much attempt to defend his life by refuting the accusers as to protect his public image by skillfully giving a new meaning to the popular prejudice against him. As a defender, naturally, he is expected to argue for his acquittal in a straightforward and effective way.

Why is it called Plato’s Apology?

The name of the dialogue derives from the Greek “apologia,” which translates as a defense, or a speech made in defense. Thus, in The Apology, Socrates attempts to defend himself and his conduct–certainly not to apologize for it.

What are the 3 methods of philosophy?

These four philosophical didactic methods are the classical philosophical methods: the phenomenological method, the analytical method, the hermeneutic method, and the dialectic method.

Is Plato worth reading?

Yes. It is the single most important book in the western intellectual tradition. It is good for your brain. Plato’s answers are often wrong, but he asks all the big questions.

Who is the father of philosophy?

Socrates of Athens

Which Socrates books to read first?

The Apology of Socrates should be anyone’s first encounter with Socrates, and Plato’s dialogues….

  • The Apology (possibly, as a group, with the Crito and Phaedo)
  • The Meno.
  • The Phaedrus.
  • The Gorgias.
  • The Theatetus.
  • The Republic.
  • The Symposium.
  • The Timaeus.

Should I read Plato or Aristotle?

Overall, Plato is way, way more accessible than Aristotle. Yes Plato has some inaccessible dialogues (eg Timaeus, Parmenides) and I would never point a beginner toward them; and Aristotle has some works which are more accessible, polished, and less technical (Nicomachean Ethics is a great example).

Are Plato and Socrates the same person?

ABsolutely not. Socrates was a retired stone-worker who had become popular because of his love of argument; Plato was one of his students, or rather coterie.

Who is the most intelligent philosopher?

Immanuel Kant Kant was one of the most brilliant human beings of all time. His ideas have influenced nearly all subsequent philosophy and are also influential in science.

Did Plato actually exist?

Unlike the work of nearly all of his contemporaries, Plato’s entire body of work is believed to have survived intact for over 2,400 years. Although their popularity has fluctuated over the years, the works of Plato have never been without readers since the time they were written.

What does the apology mean?

1a : an admission of error or discourtesy accompanied by an expression of regret a public apology. b apologies plural : an expression of regret for not being able to do something I won’t be able to attend. Please give them my apologies.

What is the connection between Plato and Socrates?

Plato’s metaphysics and epistemology appear to have been originally influenced by Presocratic thinkers. As a young man, however, Plato became a student of Socrates and turned his attention to the question of what constitutes a virtuous life. Almost all of Plato’s writings date from after Socrates’s trial and execution.

How do you cite Plato’s Republic in MLA?

Citation Data

  1. MLA. Plato. Plato’s The Republic. New York :Books, Inc., 1943.
  2. APA. Plato. ( 1943). Plato’s The Republic. New York :Books, Inc.,
  3. Chicago. Plato. Plato’s The Republic. New York :Books, Inc., 1943.

Who is the greatest philosopher of the 20th century?

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Rank Name dBHa
1 Bertrand Russell -1.9
2 Jean-Paul Sartre -2.25
3 Michel Foucault -2.75
4 Jürgen Habermas -2.89

What is the main point of Plato’s Apology?

Specifically, the Apology of Socrates is a defence against the charges of “corrupting the youth” and “not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonia that are novel” to Athens (24b).

What is the apology and why was it written?

A dialogue written in Greek and set in Athens in 399 bce; probably written soon after 399 bce. The Apology dramatizes the trial that condemned Socrates to death for being insufficiently religious and for corrupting Athenian youth.

What are the three charges against Socrates in the apology?

The trial of Socrates (399 BC) was held to determine the philosopher’s guilt of two charges: asebeia (impiety) against the pantheon of Athens, and corruption of the youth of the city-state; the accusers cited two impious acts by Socrates: “failing to acknowledge the gods that the city acknowledges” and “introducing new …

Which philosopher did not exist?


When was Plato’s Apology written?

A dialogue set in the year 399 b.c.e.; although the exact date it was written is uncertain, some sources argue that it was written shortly after the year in which it is set.

Who is better Socrates or Plato?

Socrates is better, obviously. This is because Plato was the student of Socrates, and also because all of the great works that Plato wrote were always about Socrates. This includes Plato’s greatest work, The Republic (350 BC).

Which Greek philosopher did not exist?

What is Plato’s philosophy?

In metaphysics Plato envisioned a systematic, rational treatment of the forms and their interrelations, starting with the most fundamental among them (the Good, or the One); in ethics and moral psychology he developed the view that the good life requires not just a certain kind of knowledge (as Socrates had suggested) …

How do I cite Plato Phaedo?

Citation Data

  1. MLA. Plato. Plato’s Phaedo. Oxford :Clarendon press, 1911.
  2. APA. Plato. ( 1911). Plato’s Phaedo. Oxford :Clarendon press,
  3. Chicago. Plato. Plato’s Phaedo. Oxford :Clarendon press, 1911.

Why was Plato’s Apology written?

His agreement with Plato about these matters assures us that they are not fabrications. In fact, Plato’s motives in writing the Apology are likely to have been complex. One of them, no doubt, was to defend and praise Socrates by making use of many of the points Socrates himself had offered in his speech.

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