What happens when Yersinia pestis enters the body?

What happens when Yersinia pestis enters the body?

Bubonic plague is the most common form of plague. This occurs when an infected flea bites a person or when materials contaminated with Y. pestis enter through a break in a person’s skin. Patients develop swollen, tender lymph glands (called buboes) and fever, headache, chills, and weakness.

Can yersiniosis be spread from person to person?

Person-to-person spread is rare. An infected person is contagious for at least as long as the symptoms last. Some people with yersiniosis continue to be infectious for weeks or months, even after the diarrhea has ended.

What three types of diseases are caused by Yersinia pestis?

Bubonic plague (most common) Pneumonic plague (primary or secondary) Septicemic plague. Pestis minor.

How long can Yersinia last?

How long does it last? The symptoms usually last for 1 to 3 weeks. People with mild symptoms usually recover on their own without treatment.

How is Yersinia pestis treated?

Classically, Y. pestis isolates are uniformly susceptible to all antimicrobial agents active against gram-negative bacteria (10, 11, 15, 20, 24). The three main antimicrobial agents recommended to treat plague are streptomycin, tetracycline, and chloramphenicol (1).

What is the treatment of plague?

Antibiotics such as streptomycin, gentamicin, doxycycline, or ciprofloxacin are used to treat plague. Oxygen, intravenous fluids, and respiratory support are usually also needed. People with pneumonic plague must be kept away from other patients and isolation procedures will be followed in the hospital.

What is black pneumonia?

Pneumonic plague is a severe lung infection caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis. Symptoms include fever, headache, shortness of breath, chest pain, and coughing….

Pneumonic plague
Specialty Infectious disease
Symptoms Fever, headache, shortness of breath, cough
Usual onset 3 to 7 days
Causes Yersinia pestis

Recent Posts