What is a sarissa And how did the Macedonian army use it?

What is a sarissa And how did the Macedonian army use it?

The sarissa formed the spines of the bristling Macedonian phalanx. by Jon Guttman 2/28/2013. Share This Article. The most distinctive weapon in the Macedonian army, the sarissa likely evolved from earlier hunting spears used to subdue wild boar.

How did Alexander’s men use sarissa?

history of spears II of Macedon introduced the sarissa, a pike 13 to 21 feet (4 to 6.5 m) long that gave the Macedonian infantry an extra reach before the pike blades of the opposing Greeks could reach them. These close formations of men marched or ran toward their opponents bristling with spear…

How was the sarissa made?

Composition and utility. The sarissa, made of tough and resilient cornel wood, was very heavy for a spear, weighing approximately 5.5 to 6.5 kg (12 to 14 lb). It had a sharp iron head shaped like a leaf and a bronze butt-spike, which could be anchored in the ground to stop charges by the enemy.

How much did a sarissa weigh?

The sarissa, made of tough and resilient cornel wood, was very heavy for a spear, weighing approximately 12 pounds (5.4 kg) for a 15-foot (4.6 m) sarissa and approximately 14.5 pounds (6.6 kg) for an 18-foot (5.5 m) sarissa.

What role did the sarissa and Macedonian phalanx play in Philip’s successes?

From the hardened Illyrians in the west, to the Greek city states to the south, none could match Philip’s disciplined sarissa-wielding infantry. So long as its flanks and rear were protected, the Macedonian phalanx proved unstoppable. The Macedonian Empire of King Philip II, prior to his victory at Chaeronea in 338 BC.

Who invented sarissa?

Philip II
The invention of the sarissa is credited to Philip II, father of Alexander the Great. Philip drilled his soldiers, whose morale was at first low, to use these formidable pikes with two hands.

How long is a phalanx spear?

Each phalangite carried as his primary weapon a sarissa, a double-pointed pike over 6 m (18 ft) in length, weighing about 6.6kg (14.5 pounds).

Why did Romans not use phalanx?

The historian Polybius details the effectiveness of the Roman legion against the phalanx. He deduces that the Romans refused to fight the phalanx where the phalanx was effective, Romans offered battle only when a legion could exploit the clumsiness and immobility of a phalanx.

Who used the sarissa?

Philip II of Macedon
The sarissa or sarisa (Greek: σάρισα) was a 4 to 7 meter (13–21 feet) long spear used in the ancient Greek and Hellenistic warfare. It was introduced by Philip II of Macedon and was used in the traditional phalanxes of Philip II of Macedon as a replacement for the earlier dory, which was considerably shorter.

How heavy was a Greek spear?

between two and four pounds
The use of the thrusting spear indicates the Greeks’ desire to approach the enemy at close quarters. The spear was heavy, considering only the right hand was used in holding it. Spears measured six to eight feet in length, but only an inch in diameter. A typical spear weighed between two and four pounds.