What is chronotropic response exercise?

What is chronotropic response exercise?

An attenuated heart rate response to exercise, known as chronotropic incompetence, has been shown to be predictive of mortality and coronary heart disease risk, even after adjusting for age, physical fitness, standard cardiovascular risk factors, and ST-segment changes with exercise.

What does poor chronotropic response mean?

Chronotropic incompetence (CI) is generally defined as the inability to increase the heart rate (HR) adequately during exercise to match cardiac output to metabolic demands.

What causes chronotropic effect?

Among persons who do not suffer from heart failure, chronotropic incompetence may be caused by beta-blockers, amiodarone or digitalis. Sinus node dysfunction (SND) is a common cause of chronotropic incompetence.

What are chronotropic factors?

Chronotropic factors are factors that affect the rate at which the cardiac muscle fibers contract. Positive chronotropic effect: increases HR. Negative chronotropic effect: decreases HR. Effects of autonomic stimulation.

What is a chronotropic factor quizlet?

Factors that raise HR are POSITIVE chronotropic. Factors that decrease HR are NEGATIVE chronotropic. Factors that increase contractility are POSITIVE inotropic. Those that decrease it are NEGATIVE.

What do we mean by inotropic and chronotropic activity?

Stimulation of the Beta1-adrenergic receptors in the heart results in positive inotropic (increases contractility), chronotropic (increases heart rate), dromotropic (increases rate of conduction through AV node) and lusitropic (increases relaxation of myocardium during diastole) effects.

What is positive chronotropic effect?

The cholinergic positive chronotropic effects were observed with the initial slow heart rate and were accompanied by negative inotropic effects; the chronotropic effect itself appeared suddenly (with no gradual acceleration of heart rate) and disappeared just as suddenly.

What is meant by chronotropic?

Medical Definition of chronotropic : influencing the rate especially of the heartbeat the chronotropic effects of epinephrine.

What is chronotropic effect on heart?

Chronotropic drugs may change the heart rate and rhythm by affecting the electrical conduction system of the heart and the nerves that influence it, such as by changing the rhythm produced by the sinoatrial node. Positive chronotropes increase heart rate; negative chronotropes decrease heart rate.

What does inotropic effect mean?

An inotrope is an agent that alters the force or energy of muscular contractions. Negatively inotropic agents weaken the force of muscular contractions. Positively inotropic agents increase the strength of muscular contraction.

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