What is functional communication training FCT?

What is functional communication training FCT?

Functional Communication Training (FCT) is a therapy for autistic children. It aims to replace challenging behaviour with new ways of communicating that achieve the same thing. The therapy might focus on verbal communication, or it might include signing, pictures or speech generating devices.

What are examples of functional communication training?

Common functional communication training examples can include the use of picture exchanges, icon exchanges, gestures and sign language. It is important to note that communication therapy does not mean that your child is talking. Rather, any kind of communication may be acceptable.

What are the primary steps of FCT?

Developing an FCT program can be divided into five steps:

  • Define the problem behavior.
  • Determine the function of the problem behavior.
  • Define a replacement behavior.
  • Teach the replacement behavior.
  • Maintain the replacement behavior.

What is an FCT ABA?

FCT involves identifying the function or purpose of the child’s challenging behavior (for example, hitting, screaming, taking toys away from others) and then teaching an appropriate behavior that will serve the same purpose for the child. This behavior is referred to as a replacement behavior.

Is FCT a DRA procedure?

In examining FCT as an intervention it is a DRA (differential reinforcement of alternative behavior) procedure.

Is FCT an antecedent strategy?

Functional Communication Training (FCT) is an evidence-based antecedent intervention used to select and teach a replacement alternative skill(s) that serves the same purpose as a problem behavior (Carr & Durand, 1985).

How do you teach functional communication skills?

Address the meaning behind the communication attempt. Use multiple forms of communication for the same message (pictures and gestures, written and verbal, etc.). Teach an alternative way to communicate the message. Allow processing time.

What are consequence based interventions?

Consequence-based interventions focus on modifying the environment and contingencies that occur after the behavior occurs to increase or decrease the targeted behaviors, and include teaching and reinforcing alternative responses.

Who benefits from functional communication training?

One can imagine that difficulty in this area may lead to frustration, especially in children who have limited tools of expression at their disposal. A child who struggles to communicate basic needs (for example a nonverbal or nonvocal child) will benefit from a treatment like FCT to address this skill deficit.

Is functional communication training an intervention?

Functional communication training (FCT) is one of the most common and effective interventions for severe behavior problems. Since the initial description of FCT by Carr and Durand (1985), various aspects of the FCT treatment process have been evaluated, and from this research, best practices have emerged.