What is the chromatin and its function?

What is the chromatin and its function?

Chromatin fibers are coiled and condensed to form chromosomes. Chromatin makes it possible for a number of cell processes to occur including DNA replication, transcription, DNA repair, genetic recombination, and cell division.

What is the basic structure of the chromatin?

The basic structure of chromatin—either heterochromatin or euchromatin—is called the nucleosome. The nucleosome is a complex of 146 base pairs of DNA, wound in two turns around the outside of a disk‐like complex of eight proteins (called histones).

What are the 2 types of chromatin?

Chromatin exists in two forms. One form, called euchromatin, is less condensed and can be transcribed. The second form, called heterochromatin, is highly condensed and is typically not transcribed.

What is chromosome function?

The main function of chromosomes is to carry the DNA and transfer the genetic information from parents to offspring. Chromosomes play an important role during cell division. They protect the DNA from getting tangled and damaged.

What are the structures of chromosomes?

In the nucleus of each cell, the DNA molecule is packaged into thread-like structures called chromosomes. Each chromosome is made up of DNA tightly coiled many times around proteins called histones that support its structure.

What are the levels of chromatin structure?

In general, there are three levels of chromatin organization: DNA wraps around histone proteins, forming nucleosomes and the so-called beads on a string structure (euchromatin). Multiple histones wrap into a 30-nanometer fiber consisting of nucleosome arrays in their most compact form (heterochromatin).

What is chromatin in a cell?

Chromatin refers to a mixture of DNA and proteins that form the chromosomes found in the cells of humans and other higher organisms. Many of the proteins — namely, histones — package the massive amount of DNA in a genome into a highly compact form that can fit in the cell nucleus.

What is the structure and function of chromosomes?

Chromosomes are thread-like structures in which DNA is tightly packaged within the nucleus. DNA is coiled around proteins called histones, which provide the structural support. Chromosomes help ensure that DNA is replicated and distributed appropriately during cell division.

What are chromosomes structure?

What is the structure and function of a chromosome?

Chromosomes are thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal and plant cells. Each chromosome is made of protein and a single molecule of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Passed from parents to offspring, DNA contains the specific instructions that make each type of living creature unique.