What is the motor learning approach in speech therapy?

What is the motor learning approach in speech therapy?

The SML approach is grounded in the four-level framework of speech sensorimotor control (Van der Merwe, 1997; 2009) and aims to improve speech motor planning and programming as depicted in this framework.

What is a motor speech disorder?

Motor speech disorders include two primary conditions: dysarthria and apraxia of speech. In these conditions, the connection between the brain and the speech mechanism is damaged or interrupted. This makes it difficult to control and/or coordinate the muscles of the face, tongue, or larynx for the purposes of speaking.

What are the principles of motor learning for CAS?

Recall that the precursors to motor learning are (1) motivation (2) focused attention (3) pre-practice.

What are the principles of motor learning speech pathology?

Principles of Motor Learning as they pertain to speech therapy apply to two broad categories of intervention: Practice Conditions and Feedback Conditions. Practice Conditions in a nutshell are what the patient/client does, Feedback Conditions are what the therapist/communication partner does.

What are the stages of motor learning?

In a book entitled Human Performance, the well-known psychologists proposed three stages of learning motor skills: a cognitive phase, an associative phase, and an autonomous phase.

What is motor planning in apraxia?

Childhood apraxia of speech is a motor planning or motor speech disorder that affects a person’s ability to communicate (speak) what they are thinking. It is a disconnect between the brain and the muscles needed to produce speech sounds.

What are the different types of motor speech disorders?

There are two major types of motor speech disorders: dysarthria and apraxia.

What are the principles of motor control?

Motor Control Theories include the production of reflexive, automatic, adaptive, and voluntary movements and the performance of efficient, coordinated, goal-directed movement patterns which involve multiple body systems (input, output, and central processing) and multiple levels within the nervous system.

What is drill in speech therapy?

At one extreme is drill therapy, in which production of the target is in response to some specific stimulus. At the other extreme are conversational activities in which use of the target behavior arises naturally as it is needed to communi- cate.

What are the five indicators of motor learning?

Summary‚ÄĘThe many indicators of motor learning include consistency of performance, permanence of the movement production, decreased effort, reduced attentional demands, and increased adaptability.

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