What is the oldest living animal on earth right now?

What is the oldest living animal on earth right now?

Seychelles tortoise

Which culture is oldest in the world?

Sumerian civilization

What is the newest country in the world?

South Sudan

How much of the world did Britain own?

At its height the British empire was the largest in world history. It covered around 25% of the world’s land surface.

What countries did Britain colonize in the Middle East?

Breaking free were nine Middle Eastern British colonies: three in the 1940s (Jordan, Pakistan, and Israel), three in the 1950s and 1960s (Sudan, Kuwait, and Aden or South Yemen), and three in 1971 (Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates).

What countries no longer exist?

Countries That No Longer Exist

  • Countries That No Longer Exist. The UN recognizes 195 countries around the world today.
  • Basutoland.
  • Ceylon.
  • Czechoslovakia.
  • East Germany and West Germany.
  • Mesopotamia.
  • Neutral Moresnet.
  • Newfoundland.

How did the Middle East get divided?

On May 19, 1916, representatives of Great Britain and France secretly reach an accord, known as the Sykes-Picot agreement, by which most of the Arab lands under the rule of the Ottoman Empire are to be divided into British and French spheres of influence with the conclusion of World War I.

How was the Middle East divided after ww2?

The Ottoman Empire had been the leading Islamic state in geopolitical, cultural and ideological terms. The partitioning of the Ottoman Empire after the war led to the domination of the Middle East by Western powers such as Britain and France, and saw the creation of the modern Arab world and the Republic of Turkey.

Did Europe colonize the Middle East?

While the Europeans never settled the Middle East in large numbers, nor did they colonize it like they did Africa or India, they certainly left their mark on the region, as this lesson demonstrates.

What issue led to the conflict in the Middle East?

What was the fundamental cause of all conflicts in the Middle East? Nationalism that was driven by the mutual hatred of Arabs and Jews. Arabs refused to recognize Israel. There was religious intolerance between both groups.

What is the most dangerous country in the world?


  • Afghanistan.
  • Central African Republic.
  • Iraq.
  • Libya.
  • Mali.
  • Somalia.
  • South Sudan.
  • Syria.

What country has never been in a war?

Sweden has not been part of a war since 1814. This makes Sweden the nation which has had the longest period of peace.

What is the 1st language?

As far as written languages go, Sumerian and Egyptian seem to have the earliest writing systems and are among the earliest recorded languages, dating back to around 3200BC. But the oldest written language that is still in actual use would probably be Chinese, which first appeared around 1500BC…

What is the history of the Middle East conflict?

During World War I, in 1916, it convinced Arab leaders to revolt against the Ottoman Empire (which was allied with Germany). In return, the British government would support the establishment of an independent Arab state in the region, including Palestine.

What were the causes of conflict in the Middle East between 1948 and 1973?

Even though many of the Arabic Middle Eastern countries had been defeated by Israel in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948, smaller conflicts between Israel and various Arab nations continued through the 1950s and 1960s. However, the main reason behind the Suez Crisis was the Arab support for Palestinian attacks on Israel.

Which country did not exist after 1991?

Soviet Union The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), existed from 1922 to 1991.

What is the second oldest country in the world?

Oldest Countries 2021

Country Age Rank Sovereignty Acquired
Iran 1 3200 BC
Egypt 2 3100 BC
Vietnam 3 2879 BC
Armenia 4 2492 BC

What are the 10 oldest countries?

10 Oldest Countries in the World

  • Ethiopia. Many historians agree that Ethiopia is one of the oldest countries in the world.
  • Greece. Dating back to the Ancient Greek era, the country of Greece has remained firmly in the grasp of Grecians for at least 5,000-6,000 years.
  • Portugal.
  • Japan.
  • Egypt.
  • China.
  • San Marino.
  • Iran.

Why did Europe colonize the Middle East?

POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC CONSOLIDATION, 1798–1882. In the period from 1798 to 1882, Britain pursued three major objectives in the Middle East: protecting access to trade routes in the eastern Mediterranean, maintaining stability in Iran and the Persian Gulf, and guaranteeing the integrity of the Ottoman Empire.

Did Britain colonize the Middle East?

With the onset of WWI, the French and the British sent armies and agents into the Middle East, to foment revolts in the Arabian Peninsula and to seize Iraq, Syria and Palestine. The British took over Palestine and three Ottoman provinces of Mesopotamia and created modern-day Iraq.

What is the richest country in the world?

United States

Which states were their own country?

5 States That Were Once Independent Nations

  • Vermont. Credit: NEKVT / Shutterstock.
  • Texas. Credit: CrackerClips Stock Media / Shutterstock.
  • California. Credit: Harun Ozmen / Shutterstock.
  • Hawaii. Credit: Heather Goodman / Shutterstock.
  • Oregon. Credit: Josemaria Toscano / Shutterstock.

Which country has existed the longest?


What’s the oldest language on earth?

Tamil language

What is the oldest nation?

San Marino

What is the oldest country in the Middle East?


Why did Britain and France want to control the Middle East?

France and Britain needed proximity to oil reserves in the Middle East. World powers seek control for both economic and geopolitical reasons. “The Ultimate Destiny of Palestine” and talks back then about the establishment of a Jewish state in that region.

What was the last country to dissolve?

The most recent sovereign state to no longer exist in each continent was: Africa: Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, which was overthrown in a civil war in 2011 to form the State of Libya.

Why it is called Middle East countries?

The term “Middle East” originated from the same European perspective that described Eastern Asia as “the Far East.” The Middle East denotes the transcontinental area between Western Asia and Egypt. It is comprised of 17 nations and an estimated population of 371 million.

What role did the Middle East play in ww2?

Protecting North Africa and the Middle East It was essential for the war effort that the Middle East did not fall under the control of Nazi Germany and its allies. If the Axis powers took over the Middle East, they would also, of course, gain control of the region’s enormous oil reserves.

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