What is the receptor for B cells?

What is the receptor for B cells?

The B cell receptor (BCR) is a transmembrane protein on the surface of a B cell. A B cell receptor is composed of a membrane-bound immunoglobulin molecule and a signal transduction moiety. The former forms a type 1 transmembrane receptor protein, and is typically located on the outer surface of these lymphocyte cells.

What is the function of Bruton’s tyrosine kinase?

Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) is a key component of B cell receptor (BCR) signalling and functions as an important regulator of cell proliferation and cell survival in various B cell malignancies. Small-molecule inhibitors of BTK have shown antitumour activity in animal models and, recently, in clinical studies.

What do B cell receptors bind to?

B cells have B cell receptors (BCRs) on their surface, which they use to bind to a specific protein. Once the B cells bind to this protein, called an antigen, they release antibodies that stick to the antigen and prevent it from harming the body. Then, the B cells secrete cytokines to attract other immune cells.

Which antigen receptors are present on the B cell?

Among five known isotypes, IgM and IgD are the common B cell antigen receptors (BCRs) that are co-expressed in naïve B cells.

What type of receptors Do B cells utilize to recognize their specific antigen?

Membrane-bound immunoglobulin on the B-cell surface serves as the cell’s receptor for antigen, and is known as the B-cell receptor (BCR). Immunoglobulin of the same antigen specificity is secreted as antibody by terminally differentiated B cells—the plasma cells.

What do tyrosine kinase inhibitors do?

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are a type of targeted therapy. TKIs come as pills, taken orally. A targeted therapy identifies and attacks specific types of cancer cells while causing less damage to normal cells.

How is BTK involved in B cell activation?

Btk is involved in pre-B cell maturation by regulating IL-7 responsiveness, cell surface phenotype changes, and the activation of lambda L chain gene rearrangements. In mature B cells, Btk is essential for BCR-mediated proliferation and survival.

How do receptor tyrosine kinases work?

Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are a group of membrane-bound receptors that play an important role in the normal function of cells. They act as signal transducers that mediate cell-to-cell communication by phosphorylating tyrosine residues on key intracellular substrate proteins.

What type of receptor is tyrosine kinase?

Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are the high-affinity cell surface receptors for many polypeptide growth factors, cytokines, and hormones. Of the 90 unique tyrosine kinase genes identified in the human genome, 58 encode receptor tyrosine kinase proteins.

What is involved in B cell activation?

B cells are activated when their B cell receptor (BCR) binds to either soluble or membrane bound antigen. This activates the BCR to form microclusters and trigger downstream signalling cascades.