## What is the relationship between current and voltage in a series circuit?

## What is the relationship between current and voltage in a series circuit?

Table of Contents

The relationship between voltage, current, and resistance is described by Ohm’s law. This equation, i = v/r, tells us that the current, i, flowing through a circuit is directly proportional to the voltage, v, and inversely proportional to the resistance, r.

## Is voltage different in series circuit?

The voltages across each of the components in series is in the same proportion as their resistances . This means that if two identical components are connected in series, the supply voltage divides equally across them.

**What is the relationship between voltage and current?**

The relationship between current, voltage and resistance is expressed by Ohm’s Law. This states that the current flowing in a circuit is directly proportional to the applied voltage and inversely proportional to the resistance of the circuit, provided the temperature remains constant.

**Why current is same in series?**

The amount of current in a series circuit is the same through any component in the circuit. This is because there is only one path for current flow in a series circuit.

### Is voltage constant in series?

The voltage across each resistor in a series circuit is different depending on the resistance value. So, voltage is not constant in series. Only equal-valued resistors can yield the same voltage drop. We use the word ‘constant’ to specify a fixed value of a quantity that remains unchanged.

### What happens to voltage in a series circuit?

Voltage applied to a series circuit is equal to the sum of the individual voltage drops. The voltage drop across a resistor in a series circuit is directly proportional to the size of the resistor. If the circuit is broken at any point, no current will flow.

**Does voltage change in series or parallel?**

2. “Voltage is the same across each component of the parallel circuit.” You may remember from the last section that the voltage drops across a resistor in series.

**What happens to voltage when current is increased?**

According to Ohm’s Law, Current Increases when Voltage increases (I=V/R), but Current decreases when Voltage increases according to (P = VI) formula.

#### Why does voltage increase when current decreases?

The current required to carry a given power decrease when you increase the voltage because the power is the product of the current with the voltage (and power factor).

#### Why is voltage the same in parallel?

Once the charges get out of the resistors, the electric field of the battery is enough to drive them mad (as the wire has relatively lower resistance). And, the charges get back their energy once again. This is the reason why we say voltage is the same in parallel circuits3.