What is the transcendental problem?

What is the transcendental problem?

transcendental argument, in philosophy, a form of argument that is supposed to proceed from a fact to the necessary conditions of its possibility. A transcendental argument is simply a form of deduction, with the typical pattern: q is true only if p is true; q is true; therefore, p is true.

What is the argument from evil against the existence of God?

The Argument from Evil is a class of arguments which purport that the existence of evil is incompatible with the existence of God. As Hume put it, “Is he willing to prevent evil, but not able? Then is he impotent.

How does the first cause argument prove the existence of God?

ARGUMENT 1 – THE FIRST CAUSE ARGUMENT In very basic terms, this ‘proof’ for the existence of God claims that because the universe exists, someone or something must have ’caused’ it to exist. That someone or something must be God.

What is the ontological argument for the existence of God what was Gaunilo’s criticism of that argument?

1 Gaunilo’s ‘Lost Island’ argument

Anselm’s ontological argument
1. God is that than which nothing greater can be conceived. (Definition)
2. God exists in the mind, but not in reality. (Premise to be reduced to absurdity)
3. Existence in reality is greater than existence in the understanding alone. (Premise)

What is transcendental theory?

transcendental idealism, also called formalistic idealism, term applied to the epistemology of the 18th-century German philosopher Immanuel Kant, who held that the human self, or transcendental ego, constructs knowledge out of sense impressions and from universal concepts called categories that it imposes upon them.

What is the transcendental logic?

Transcendental Logic (Philosophical Logic) Besides formal logic, Kant considers a branch of philosophical logic that deals with the foundations of ontology and the rest of metaphysics and shows how objects are constituted in our knowledge by means of logical categorization.

What are the two versions of the problem of evil?

The problem of evil is generally formulated in two forms: the logical problem of evil and the evidential problem of evil.