What is the use of sunken slab?
What is the use of sunken slab?
A sunken slab or sunk slab is provided below the normal floor level in bathrooms, toilets, and laundry areas, where pipes or drainage systems are laid. It is constructed with the purpose of concealing all the pipes below the floor level to maintain the aesthetic appeal of the space.
What is used to fill sunken slab?
Material Used to Fill Sunken Slab: Lightweight broken CLC blocks are used to fill the sunken slab and these blocks are the best alternative to Light Weight Cinder, Broken bricks, Brick Jelly, Coal lumps, Burnt Tar lumps, and AAC Blocks.
What is sunk load?
Sunken slab is a type of slab cast at a certain depth (200 mm or 300 mm or any other depending on design) below normal floor level. This extra depth is used for placing pipes and utility ducts and then space is filled with sand or other light weight materials until the normal floor level. It is also known as sunk slab.
Is sunken slab necessary?
If you are using western type commode then sunken slab is not required. For Indian style, you require 1.5 ‘lifting of pan to accommodate the depth of pan and fittings. It requires 2 extra step excluding the usual one step up to ride over the pan.
How can sunken slab be prevented?
How to Avoid Sunken Slab?
- underslung Plumbing. The toilet slab is built at the same level as the slabs adjacent to the toilet.
- raised toilet Floor. In this the toilet slab is built at the same level as the slabs adjacent to the toilet.
What is CLC block?
Cellular Light Weight Concrete Bricks/ Blocks (CLC) is also called as Foam Concrete Blocks. Advantages: Light in Weight : CLC blocks are very lightweight with density ranging from 300 to 1800 Kg/m3. Three times less weight then clay or fly ash brocks. Eco friendly : CLC blocks are Environment-friendly.
What is the minimum reinforcement in slab?
Minimum reinforcement is 0.12% for HYSD bars and 0.15% for mild steel bars. The diameter of bar generally used in slabs are: 6 mm, 8 mm, 10 mm, 12mm and 16mm. The maximum diameter of bar used in slab should not exceed 1/8 of the total thickness of slab.
What is top and bottom reinforcement?
The bottom mat of reinforcement resists the positive bending moments at the critical sections in the span and is usually continuous over the entire slab area. The top mat resists the negative bending moments at the critical sections adjacent to the supports in the column strips and middle strips.
How do you calculate slab load?
Slab Load Calculation = 0.150 x 1 x 2400 = 360 kg which is equivalent to 3.53 kN. Now, If we consider the Floor Finishing load to be 1 kN per meter, superimposed live load to be 2 kN per meter, and Wind Load as per Is 875 Near about 2 kN per meter.
What is underslung slab?
1. underslung Plumbing. The toilet slab is built at the same level as the slabs adjacent to the toilet. Sleeves or Holes are punctured through the slab wherever plumbing pipes have to pass through, and the pipes is clamped to the bottom of the slab. It is concealed above a false ceiling from bottom of slab.
What are the details of sunken slab design?
Sunken slab details while designing 1 A sunken slab must contain a steel rod more than 10 mm on the floor. 2 The thickness of the slab should be kept above 5 inches. 3 The spacing between the steel rod should not be more than 6 inches to 8 inches for safe design.
How to detail slab reinforcement details?
Slab reinforcement details should be done by following the relevant code of practices and standards method of detailing of reinforcements. Mainly, there are three types of slabs in cast-in-situ concrete.
What are the alternatives of sunken slab?
The alternatives of sunken slab are: In this case, the toilet slab is constructed at the level of other slabs, but the floor is raised to hide the drainage system. The advantages of a raised toilet floor include canceling pipes and minimizing noises, generated due to toilet usage, without the need for a particular plumbing.
What is the minimum thickness of a sunken slab?
A sunken slab must contain a steel rod more than 10 mm on the floor. The thickness of the slab should be kept above 5 inches. The spacing between the steel rod should not be more than 6 inches to 8 inches for safe design.