What rocks are in aquifers?

What rocks are in aquifers?

An aquifer is a body of saturated rock through which water can easily move. Aquifers must be both permeable and porous and include such rock types as sandstone, conglomerate, fractured limestone and unconsolidated sand and gravel. Fractured volcanic rocks such as columnar basalts also make good aquifers.

Which type of rock is more likely to contain aquifers?

Sandstone aquifers are more widespread than those in all other kinds of consolidated rocks.

Where can aquifers be found?

Aquifers Overview Unlike surface water, which is mostly found in the northern and eastern parts of the state, aquifers are widely distributed throughout California. Additionally, they are also often found in places where freshwater is most needed, for instance, in the Central Valley and Los Angeles.

Can sedimentary rocks hold water?

Considering that sedimentary rocks and unconsolidated sediments cover about 75% of the continental crust with an average thickness of a few hundred metres, and that they are likely to have around 20% porosity on average, it is easy to see that a huge volume of water can be stored in the ground.

Are sedimentary rocks good aquifers?

Sedimentary rocks such as sandstone and limestone are good aquifers. Rocks that are impermeable make confining layers and prevent the flow of water. Examples of confining layers would be sedimentary rocks like shale (made from tiny clay and silt grains) or un-fractured igneous or metamorphic rock.

Which rocks make good aquifers and why?

Sandstone: Fine-grained rocks such as sandstone make good aquifers. They can hold water like a sponge, and with their tiny pores, they are good at filtering surface pollutants.

Which material is an aquifer most likely made of?

Answer. Answer: An aquifer layer is most likely made of cracked rocks.

What material is best for aquifer?

An aquifer is defined as a body of rock or unconsolidated sediment that has sufficient permeability to allow water to flow through it. Unconsolidated materials like gravel, sand, and even silt make relatively good aquifers, as do rocks like sandstone. Other rocks can be good aquifers if they are well fractured.

Is sandstone an aquifer?

The sandstone aquifers are level or gently dip. Because they are commonly interbedded with siltstone or shale, most of the water in these aquifers is under confined conditions. Groundwater-flow systems in mostly level, relatively thin sandstone aquifers are local to intermediate.

Which material is an aquifer?

Which of the following rocks or sediments would be the best aquifer material?

b) Sandstone would be the best aquifer. Sandstone is a sedimentary rock, comprised of sand-size grains of minerals and rocks, that can hold water….