What vitamin is formed when the ergosterol is exposed to UV light write a scheme of this reaction?

What vitamin is formed when the ergosterol is exposed to UV light write a scheme of this reaction?

In human nutrition, ergosterol is a provitamin form of vitamin D2; exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light causes a chemical reaction that produces vitamin D2….Ergosterol.

Names
ECHA InfoCard 100.000.320
EC Number 200-352-7
MeSH Ergosterol
PubChem CID 444679

What does ergosterol mean?

Definition of ergosterol : a crystalline steroid alcohol C28H44O that occurs especially in yeast, molds, and ergot and is converted by ultraviolet irradiation ultimately into vitamin D2.

What is the role of ergosterol?

Ergosterol is involved in numerous biological functions such as membrane fluidity, regulation, activity and distribution of integral membrane proteins, and control of the cell cycle (Bard et al., 1993; Gooday, 1995).

What is unusual about ergosterol?

Ergosterol, a 5,7-diene oxysterol, is the most abundant sterol in fungal cell membranes, where it regulates permeability and fluidity (1). Because of its crucial functions, unique structural properties, and particular biosynthetic steps, ergosterol is the target of the majority of clinically available antifungals (2).

What is the difference between ergosterol and cholesterol?

Ergosterol, the major sterol found in the plasma membranes of yeast and other fungi (19), differs from cholesterol in having an additional double bond in a ring of the steroid nucleus and a double bond and an extra methyl group in the alkyl side chain (20) (see Fig.

Where is ergosterol made?

7.15. 2.1 Overview. Ergosterol is the major product of sterol biosynthesis in fungi (and also in some trypanosomes), whereas mammalian systems synthesize cholesterol as the major membrane lipid.

What is another name for ergosterol?

ergosterol, also called provitamin D2, a white crystalline organic solid of the molecular formula C28H44O belonging to the steroid family.

Is ergosterol a lipid?

Ergosterol lipids belong to the sterol lipids. Their structure consists of the steroid structure, four linked hydrocarbon rings, to which a characteristic carbon side-chain is attached and two further methyl groups.

Where is ergosterol found?

fungi
It is found only in fungi (e.g, Saccharomyces and other yeasts and Claviceps purpurea, the cause of ergot, a fungal disease of cereal grasses) and is chemically related to cholesterol.

Do humans have ergosterol?

Ergosterol has recently been identified as an immunoactive lipid that induces host cells pyroptosis, a necrotic and inflammatory programmed cell death [3]. Significantly, recent studies have shown that ergosterol is essential for mitochondrial DNA maintenance in fungi, as cholesterol does in humans [4,5].

Do bacteria have ergosterol?

Compared ergosterol concentration between bacteria, yeast, and moulds, the lowest level is found in the cells of bacteria (p < 0.001), while a 100 times higher ergosterol concentration was found in the cells of yeast and a 1,000 times higher concentration in mould spores.

Do all fungi have ergosterol?

Ergosterol is the major product of sterol biosynthesis in fungi (and also in some trypanosomes), whereas mammalian systems synthesize cholesterol as the major membrane lipid. While both sterols play a similar role in membrane fluidity, this effect has been shown to be essential for aerobic growth of most fungi.

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