What was the function of the Council of Indies?

What was the function of the Council of Indies?

Composed of between 6 and 10 councillors appointed by the king, the council prepared and issued all legislation governing the colonies in the king’s name, approved all important acts and expenditures by colonial officials, and acted as a court of last resort in civil suits appealed from colonial courts.

What was the Council of the Indies history?

It was established in 1524 by Charles V to administer “the Indies,” Spain’s name for its territories. Such an administrative entity, on the conciliar model of the Council of Castile, was created following the Spanish conquest of the Aztec empire in 1521, which demonstrated the importance of the Americas.

What was the Royal Indies Council?

The Council of the Indies; officially, the Royal and Supreme Council of the Indies, was the most important administrative organ of the Spanish Empire for the Americas and the Philippines.

Who governed the Spanish colonies?

Conquistadores, soldiers, and mission- aries were the primary Spanish coloniz- ers; farmers and traders came later. Colonies were governed by crown- appointed viceroys or governors. Settlers had to obey the king’s laws and could make none of their own.

What kind of power did the Peninsulares have?

Peninsulares had political authority in Latin America, obtaining positions such as Viceroys within New Spain. Below the Peninsulares were American born Spaniards (Creoles) who maintained the second class citizen status, not allowed certain jobs such as that of a Viceroy.

What economic purpose did Encomiendas in New Spain serve?

Although the original intent of the encomienda was to reduce the abuses of forced labour (repartimiento) employed shortly after Europeans’ 15th-century discovery of the New World, in practice it became a form of enslavement.

What were the two republics of colonial Spanish America?

For a half-century, the historiography on Spanish Habsburg rule suggested that the crown envisioned Indies society as best divided into two segregated sociolegal groups: the republic of the Spaniards and the republic of the Indians.

Who colonized the Philippines?

The Spanish colonial period of the Philippines began when explorer Ferdinand Magellan came to the islands in 1521 and claimed it as a colony for the Spanish Empire. The period lasted until the Philippine Revolution in 1898.

Why did the peninsulares have the most power?

The peninsulares amassed a lot of wealth and power. They were the masters of the colonial order, which was essentially a caste system that promoted inequalities among the colonial subjects. Most came from Castile, Catalonia and the island of Majorca in the Balearic Islands.

What did the peninsulares do?

Among the American-born in Mexico the peninsulars were contemptuously called gachupines (“those with spurs”) and in South America, chapetones (“tenderfeet”). They enjoyed the special favour of the Spanish crown and were appointed to most of the leading civil and ecclesiastical posts under the colonial regime.

What were encomiendas designed to do?