Which part of the brain has a somatotopic organization?

Which part of the brain has a somatotopic organization?

Primary Somatosensory Cortex
5.45. 3.1 The Primary Somatosensory Cortex. The primary somatosensory cortex (SI) is located in the anterior part of the parietal lobe, where it constitutes the postcentral gyrus.

What is the organization of the motor cortex?

The motor cortex comprises three different areas of the frontal lobe, immediately anterior to the central sulcus. These areas are the primary motor cortex (Brodmann’s area 4), the premotor cortex, and the supplementary motor area (Figure 3.1).

What does the somatotopic arrangement of the primary motor cortex mean?

when a specific part of the body is associated with a distinct location in the central nervous system. For example, the somatosensory cortex receives sensory information from the hands in a specific location and information from the feet in another location.

What is a somatotopic organization?

the topographic distribution of areas of the motor cortex relating to specific activities of skeletal muscles, as mapped by electrically stimulating a point in the cortex and observing associated movement of a skeletal muscle in the face, the trunk, or a limb. See also motor homunculus.

Where is the Somatotopic map located?

The somatotopic map is the projection of the body surface onto a brain area that is responsible for our sense of touch and that is called the somatosensory cortex. This projection connects neurons of the cortex with touch receptors in the skin surface such that neighborhood relations are preserved.

What part of the brain is the motor cortex in?

frontal lobe
One of the brain areas most involved in controlling these voluntary movements is the motor cortex. The motor cortex is located in the rear portion of the frontal lobe, just before the central sulcus (furrow) that separates the frontal lobe from the parietal lobe.

Where is Somatotopic organization found?

Somatotopic organization in the cerebral cortex, especially in the primary motor and primary somatosensory cortices, is a well-known and fundamental concept to understand the functions of these areas.

What does a Somatotopic map show?

S1 somatotopic maps refers to spatial patterns in the functional organization of neuronal responses in the mammalian primary somatosensory cortex (S1/SI). Here the term ‘map’ refers to a population of neurons that respond selectively to the presence of stimuli that collectively sample from an underlying stimulus space.

Who discovered somatotopic organization?

Wilder Penfield
‘ In the context of somatotopic maps, the term homunculus was introduced by Wilder Penfield in what remains one of the most influential articles in neurology, summarizing data from electrical stimulation of the cortex in 126 operations performed on conscious epileptic patients (Penfield and Boldrey, 1937).

Does the primary somatosensory cortex have a somatotopic organization?

In the mature mammalian brain, the primary somatosensory and motor cortices are known to be spatially organized such that neural activity relating to specific body parts can be somatopically mapped onto an anatomical “homunculus”.

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