Who are backward classes in India?
Who are backward classes in India?
Other Backward Class is a collective term used by the Government of India to classify castes which are educationally or socially disadvantaged. It is one of several official classifications of the population of India, along with General Class, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (SCs and STs).
What does backward classes mean in India?
Backward Classes means such backward classes of citizens other than the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes as may be specified by the Central Government in the lists prepared by the Government of India from time to time for purposes of making provision for the reservation of appointments or posts in favour of …
What is the concept of backward classes?
Backward class :- Backward class people is a collective term used by the government of India, for castes which are economically and socially disadvantaged and face or may have faced discrimination on account of birth. They typically include the falits the scheduled castes.
What are the main problem of backward class?
The backward classes suffer from disadvantages and disabilities which are age- old. Low status, poverty and illiteracy are social problems which they have inherited due to their ascribed status of being born in a low caste or tribe. The Indian Constitution is silent on the definition of the backward classes.
What is OBC and General?
General category refers to those Section of people who are developed and well-to-date. They are uplifted Section of Society. These group of people are not provided any reservations. OBC category is other backward class category. It refers to those Section of people who are a bit developed.
What is BCB caste?
Backward class caste ……
What is BCB category?
BCB comes under reserved category or general category.
What are the facilities given by government to backward classes?
the following schemes were formulated and are being implemented since 1998-99:
- Pre-Matric Scholarship to the OBCs for studies in India.
- Post-Matric Scholarship to the OBC for studies in India.
- Construction of Hostels for OBC Boys and Girls.
- Assistance to Voluntary Organizations for Welfare of OBCs.
What is socially backward?
Social Backwardness. SOCIAL backwardness of an individual and/or a group is society- and time-specific. The social structure places certain indivi- duals/groups in a particular disadvantageous position by delimiting their life chances.
How many reservations are there in OBC?
For OBCs it is fixed keeping in view the proportion of their population in the concerned State/UT and the fact that total reservation for SCs/ST/OBCs remains within the limit of 50% and reservation for OBCs remains within the limit of 27%.
How many Backward Classes are there in India?
According to the Kaka Kalekar Commission of 1952, there are more than 3000 backward classes which form 52% of the Indian population. The movements were triggered by numerous factors like British policies, improper land distribution, and growth of western education, the extension of the railway network and all over the popularity of modern politics.
What is meant by backward classes?
Backward Classes txtovement stilt(ed in India in the early of 20th century. According to classes movement Srinivn.s. the term as a kind or sttAtpgle waged by the lower eastcs against the supremacy of the Brahmins.
How did Backward Class and Dalit movements help in reshaping Indian politics?
These backward class and Dalit movements helped a lot in reshaping the position of vulnerable sections. These movements gave us many prominent leaders, political parties and a new way of thinking.
What is the Backward Class Commission?
In accordance with Article 340 of the Constitution, the Backward Class Commission was appointed in 1953 under the Chairmanship of Kaka Kalelkar. The commission was asked to determine the criteria to be adopted to provide concessions to “socially and educationally backward classes” besides the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes.