Why did the Swedish come to America in the 1800s?

Why did the Swedish come to America in the 1800s?

A strong population growth in Sweden increased the pressure on a society that was fundamentally agricultural in nature, and moving to North America provided the Swedish emigrants with economic opportunity not available in the homeland.

What did the Swedes do in America?

Swedes, moreover, were among the first founders of America with their New Sweden colony in Delaware. Swedish America was present in Congress under the Articles of Confederation period, and its role was momentous in fighting the war against slavery.

Why did many Swedes leave their country in the late 1800s?

The rising Swedish exodus was caused by economic, political, and religious conditions affecting particularly the rural population. Europe was in the grip of an economic depression.

What did the Swedes bring to America?

Numerous books, journals, pamphlets, and other types of publications were brought out in Swedish America by a variety of publishers. Bookstores existed in many of the major urban settlements through which many imported books from Sweden were sold as well.

Why did Swedes immigrate to Chicago?

Overpopulation and the comparatively late industrialization of the Swedish economy persuaded over one million Swedes to permanently emigrate between 1845 and 1930, attracted by available agricultural land and an expanding American labor market in cities such as Chicago.

Which US state is most like Sweden?

Which US States are Most Similar to Sweden? The US states of Washington & Minnesota are likely the most similar to Sweden when it comes to culture and values, as they both have a high number of Scandinavian ancestors, similarly high levels of education, low levels of poverty, and are mostly non-religious.

Why did the Scandinavians come to America?

Most Norwegians emigrated to America for economic reasons, although some also came for religious freedoms. Generally, Norwegians settled in the Midwestern regions, close to the Great Lakes.

Why did the Swedish come to Texas?

They operated an informal immigration company which paid travel expenses on credit or in return for indentured labor. Other individuals and families from Sweden and the north-central United States heard about Texas possibilities and came. By the turn of the century, more than 4,000 Swedes were in the state.

Where did the Swedish settle in America?

Sweden established colonies in the Americas in the mid-17th century, including the colony of New Sweden (1638–1655) on the Delaware River in what is now Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland, as well as two possessions in the Caribbean during the 18th and 19th centuries.

What is the religion of Swedish Americans?

Predominantly Lutheranism, Church of Sweden, Protestantism, Mormonism. Swedish Americans ( Swedish: Svenskamerikaner) are Americans of at least partial Swedish ancestry. They primarily include the 1.2 million Swedish immigrants during 1885–1915 and their descendants.

What percentage of Americans have Swedish ancestry?

The 1990 census reported that almost 4.7 million Americans claimed some Swedish ancestry (making it the thirteenth largest ethnic group), with almost 40 percent in the Midwest, 30 percent in the West, and 15 percent each in the South and Northeast.

What was life like in Sweden in the 1800s?

Sweden in the 1800s was a sparsely populated and largely agricultural nation. Even though the population doubled to five million by 1900, more than 50% of the nation were still farmers.

Where can I find information about Swedish Americans?

Published by the Swedish Council of America, this quarterly contains general news and articles about Swedish Americans and about developments in Sweden, and is the most widely circulated periodical about Swedish Americans. Contact: Teresa Scalzo, Editor. Address: 2600 Park Avenue, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55407.